Materials Science and Advanced Electronics Created by Singularity
|Number of Research Area||2801|
|Term of Project||FY2016-2020|
|Head Investigator||Hiroshi Fujioka|
|Research Institution||The University of Tokyo, Institute of Industrial Science|
Crystalline materials comprise periodically arranged atoms. Traditionally, any disorders found in a crystal have been regarded as structural defects that ought to be eliminated. However, our “singularity-structure project” is trying to introduce a Copernican revolution by focusing on crystals containing intentionally introduced defects. We are seeking an understanding of the basic characteristics of such structures, which we call “singularity structures.” We intend this to lay the foundation for an entirely new discipline within crystallography and physics. Taking advantage of the physical properties of these singularity structures, we aim to fabricate novel electronic devices that cannot be achieved with conventional perfect crystals. We expect the singularity structures to be used across a wide range of conventional applications, including lighting, communications, data processing, power control, and energy generation; furthermore, it would find applications in new fields such as agriculture, medicine, pharmaceuticals, and chemical synthesis.
This project will be collaboratively run by researchers in the following four areas: A01: Crystal growth and construction of extended crystallography, A02: Processing and application for novel electronics，B01: Structural characterization of defects and their properties，and B02: Optical characterization of defects and their properties. In addition to our original research plans, we intend to incorporate new ideas across all topics related to the growth, characterization, or application of singularity structures. We welcome novel ideas from any source, including computational science with first-principles calculations and the formation physics of crystalline defects. Ideas from young researchers will be especially welcome. We are also open to research on new applications of the singularity structures, such as their use in chemical processes.
|Research Group||Upper Limit of Annual Budget (Million yen)||Number of research projects scheduled to be selected|
|A01: Crystal growth and construction of extended crystallography||Proving Research on A01-B02: 4
Basic experimental/theoretical research on A01-B02: 2
|A02: Processing and application for novel electronics|
|B01: Structural characterization of defects and their properties|
|B02: Optical characterization of defects and their properties|